Corona Viruses (CoV) are a large family of RNA viruses that cause diseases ranging from common colds to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS-CoV). Most cases were registered initially in the Republic of China, but COVID-19 has spread to several countries around the world.
How does (COVID-19) spreads
When a person with (COVID-19) coughs or exhales, he releases droplets of fluid infected with the disease, and those droplets fall on surfaces and nearby objects such as offices, tables or phones.
Then the disease is transmitted when people touch those contaminated surfaces and touch their eyes, mouth, or face afterward.
It is also possible for the disease to transmit if a person is standing one or two meters away from the person infected with (COVID-19) by direct contact through the diffused droplets from those infected.
Know that most people with (COVID-19) suffer from mild symptoms and recover from it, some may experience more serious symptoms and may need hospital care.
Risk of infection
The risk of infection increases among some groups, such as:
- The elderly.
- People who suffer from medical conditions, such as diabetes, heart and lung diseases.
- People with a weak immune system, and some groups with a risk of disease.
Symptoms of infection
The main symptoms include: fever, cough, shortness of breath, and sometimes symptoms can develop into pneumonia. The infection may cause severe complications for people with a weak immune system, chronic diseases, and the elderly.